elytä (noun): forest, wood.
“doom awaits in the forests up the valley”
Etymologically, elytä is not a native Carbian word, but is most probably derived from Pelenic *hèliéd ‘barrier’. The ‘original’ Trurian word for ‘forest’ reflects as önéb in the modern language, but now means ‘tree’ due to semantic drift. Unsurprisingly, the words for (generic) ‘tree’ and ‘forest’ vary considerably among Trurian regional variants and dialects: for instance, elytä is the standard and generally Upper Trurian word for ‘forest’, but the words wocha and lyth are preferred in Hinter Trurian and Lower Trurian dialects, respectively.
gylaí (adjective): fat, fattened (especially of animals).
“she owns many fat sheep”
The word gylon, derived from the same root as gylaí, means ‘fat or lazy person’, and is especially offensive given its implications that the referent is closer to an animal (the adjectives chraseí and dumeí are used more often to refer to people).
ilim (noun): top, summit, mountain peak.
“the peaks are still covered with snow”
eylimono (perfective verb): to learn of, learn (something), come to the realization (that).
“you will learn that he is a traitorous man”
tör (noun): rite, ritual, ceremony.
“she has already prepared everything for the ritual”
The word tör also occurs as an element in the word törchan ‘three consecutive days’, stemming from the fact that three consecutive days were the time needed to fully carry out certain important rituals in the former Trurian polytheistic religion.
walaí (adjective): warm, warmed up.
“we [will] not have a warm meal until tomorrow”
walaí contrasts in meaning with waleí (with the ‘agental’ adjectival suffix -eí), which means ‘warm, emitting warmth’ (rather than being used for objects or entities that have been warmed through external action / intervention).
warin (noun): child.
“I forced the child to cough”
tigreí (adjective): lazy; careless.
“her son is too lazy to help [her]”
wilt (noun): body; trunk, tree trunk; girth, circumference.
“you have to wrap this around your body”
tureon (imperfective verb): to wear (clothes); to shine (sun).
“he’s wearing an ostentatious hat today”
Originally, the verb tureon meant ‘to expose, bring to light’, but no longer has this general implication . Now it is used to convey the process of wearing (literally ‘displaying’) a certain article of clothing, or the shining (i.e. exposing through light) of the sun.