Trurian word of the day: inchö


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inchö (noun): equality, equal treatment; justice.

yer
then
näyer
HAB
ne-chindäwri
our-ancestor.PL
alywthono
judge.PERF.NONPAUS
​inch​​-er
justice-ADV
eren
but

“our ancestors used to judge justly”

The concept of inchö, or just/equal treatment at the hands of authority, is extremely important in Trurian culture. Accordingly, the root inch– has many reflects, including inchá ‘adult’ (i.e. ‘one who has to be treated justly and equally’, or indeed ‘one capable of just or equal treatment of others’) and incheon ‘to be entitled to, have a right to’.

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Trurian word of the day: pinaí


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pinaí (adjective): whole, unbroken.

noyer
still
winthmer
chest.ADV
ipoleí
jug.PL
pinaí
unbroken

“there are still whole jugs in the chest”

Although both pinaí and theí can be translated as ‘whole’, the two adjectives have different semantic implications: pinaí the former refers to the functionality or composition of an object, while theí refers to its completeness (i.e., whether it contains/implies all of its parts or not).

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Trurian word of the day: theí


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theí (adjective): whole, entire.

yer
then
un
and
min
regarding
tarminth
necklace.DAT
fesa
house.ACC
​theí​​-s
entire-FEM
palanseon
search.1.MASC.SING

“I searched the entire house for the necklace”

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Trurian word of the day: tharaen


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tharaen (noun): a stillborn child.

er-waywer
this-village.ADV
serner
this.year
wönth
two
​tharaen​​-eí
stillborn-PL
lo
already

“there have already been two stillbirths in this village this year”

tharaen is usually used to refer to the stillborn child itself, although it may also be used metonymically (as in the example above). More specifically, the noun tharaynö refers to the actual process of stillbirth, and also has the metaphorical meaning of ‘accident’ or ‘doom’.

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Trurian word of the day: lumälono


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lumälono (perfective verb): to pour out (water); to supply with water; to draw water from a well.

feser
house.ADV
pargörer
every.morning.ADV
zeyon
servant
​lumälon​
pour.water.PERF.PAUS

“the servant brings water to the house every day”

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Trurian word of the day: lewäl


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lewäl (noun): group, team.

​lewäl​​-er
team-ADV
enäw
ABL.three
adhoneí
worker.PL
mawchri
body.ACC.PL
dithriwon
divide.PERF.PAUS

“the workers divided themselves into three groups”

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Trurian word of the day: eturnono


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eturnono (perfective verb), also aturnono: to surprise, take someone aback.

min
regarding
thanmöth
return.DAT
ini
me.ACC
roth
he
​eturnon​
surprise.PERF.PAUS

“he surprised me with [his] return”

As evident from the example above, the verb eturnono can add an additional adverbial clause with min referring to the action that is the “cause” of the surprise. Note also the alternative version aturnono. While the prefix a- is usually used to derive causatives from verb roots, the prefix e- often occurs in this role as well (as in eturnono). However, when pairs of verbs derived from a common root beginning in both a- and e- exist, the verb with the e- prefix usually has a reflexive meaning. It thus appears that aturnono was a secondary derivation (by analogy with other lexical causatives), rather than the ‘original’ causative form.

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Trurian word of the day: egalfeon


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egalfeon (imperfective verb): to sympathize, empathize, feel for.

lother
lose.ADV
min
about
ecönthéb
ABL.shoes
rodíth
he.DAT
​egalf​​-eon
sympathize-1.MASC.SING

“I sympathize with him [for] losing [his] shoes”

With the verb egalfeon, the person with whom the subject sympathizes is in the dative case, while the reason for sympathy is attached using a construction with min (as in the example above).

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Trurian word of the day: soma


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soma, söm (noun): gorge, narrows; throat (as body part).

​söm​​-er
gorge-ADV
ilnerer
kill.ADV
mera
seven
woneí
man.PL

“seven men were killed in the gorge”

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Trurian word of the day: rireon


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rireon (imperfective verb): to tear, tear apart; to rip, rip apart.

möcher
PERF
chlaner
angrily
in-idhon
my-father
luchí
paper.ACC
​rir​​-é
rip.apart-3.FEM.SING.PAUS

“my father ripped up the paper in anger”

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