A bit of general introduction first. Aurelia is a land in my conworld lying between Truria (to the west) and the Eneian sea (to the east). Trevecian lands lie to the north, while Aucenia lies to the south. Aurelia is a semi-theocratic state in the sense that social and political power is essentially balanced between the priesthood (which controls most wealth and agricultural resources) and the nobility (controlling the army), with a strong merchant class. Its language, Aurelian, is related to High Eolic, but the resemblances are pretty distant.
What I have below is a quote from an Aurelian philosopher named TalÃ¨ron, probably the most famous exponent of the “Namelian School”, which was an atheist philosophy in the second half of the 12th century that promoted an ethics of independent action and responsibility, as well as being quite outspokenly against slavery. Unsurprisingly, these views were quite controversial, and several philosophers belonging to this school of thought were executed (including TalÃ¨ron).
KaymanemrÃ© nayÃ¨m ÅŸanenkard aÅŸikiÃ§ men –
atÃ¨-ÅŸan balagaÃ§ yorinir men sindaÃ§is amÅŸÃ©.
“All shall be judged by what they do, not by what others judge for them to be right to do.” (TalÃ¨ron, 1159)
1) The verb ‘to judge’ gets an inverse marker, since pro-dropped arguments are always lower on the inverse hierarchy. This is despite the fact that nan ‘everyone’ is marked as Patient and Definite, since there is no reason it should be – definiteness marking (which only affects patients) is entirely optional.
2) Relative clauses are marked by a relativizer prefix on an inflected pronoun, and are internally headed (although this isn’t necessarily in evidence in these sentences).
3) sindaÃ§is amÅŸÃ© is an example of a ‘benefactive’ construction with the first element in the essive and the second in the sociative. It is often used in the sense ‘meant for X’ or ‘incumbent upon X’, e.g. yaÅŸnardis kÃ¨yenÃ© (suitor.ESS daughter.SOC) ‘the daughter’s suitor / fiancÃ©’.
And here’s a translation into High Eolic! See if you can spot the cognates – there should be around 4 unique ones (not counting bound morphemes):